Animal welfare means how an animal is coping with the conditions in which it lives. Respect for animal welfare is often based on the belief that animals are sentient and that consideration should be given to their wellbeing or suffering, especially when they are under the care of humans. These concerns can include how animals are slaughtered for food, how they are used in scientific research, how they are kept, and how human activities affect their welfare.
Ensuring animal welfare is a human responsibility that includes consideration for all aspects of animal well-being, including proper housing, management, nutrition, disease prevention and treatment, responsible care, humane handling, and, when necessary, humane euthanasia.
There are five freedoms that describe the state for acceptable welfare
- Freedom to express normal behavior
- Freedom from pain, injury or disease
- Freedom from hunger and thirst,
- Freedom from fear and distress
- Freedom from discomfort.
All these freedoms are reflected in three components that describe animal welfare; Physical well-being, mental well-being and normal behavior.
For the three entities, KENDAT builds capacity for farmers on basic husbandry techniques such as feeding, watering, sheltering and home based wound management. KENDAT also builds the capacity of animal health service providers such as veterinary surgeons and veterinary paraprofessionals on animal welfare, health and emerging trends in the animal health sector.